Welcome to IRDT Uttarakhand E-Syllabus Web Portal

Duration :
Eligibility : 10th with Science & Mathematics
Intake : 25/40/60(As approved by AICTE/State Govt.)
Pattern of the Examination : Semester System
Assessment Type : The assessment will we carry out through credit point system/Learning Based Out comes
Theory & Practical Ratio : 50: 50
Industrial Training: Included after IInd Semester
Ecology & Environment : As pe Government Directions a subject named Environmental Science & Energy Management has been included.
Entrepreneurship Development: A subject on Entrepreneurship Development has been incorporated after IInd Semester.
General Proficiency : A provision of 6 periods per week has been made. It Included of various cocurricular activities like games, hobby clubs, seminars, declamation contests, extension lectures, NCC, NSS, cultural activities and discipline etc.


Paper Code :
Paper Name :


1.1Classification of Rocks: (General Review)



1.1.1    Geological classification: Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks

1.1.2    Chemical classification; Calcareous, argillaceous and siliceous rocks

1.1.3    Physical classification: Unstratified, stratified and foliated rocks


1.2         General characteristics of stones – Marble, Kota stone, Granite, Sand, Trap, Basalt stone, Lime stone and Slate

1.3         Requirements of good building stones

     1.4         Identification of common building stones

1.5         Various uses of stones in construction

1.6         Quarrying of stones by blasting and its effect on environment

    3.1          Introduction, raw materials, flow diagram of manufacturing of cement

3.2         Various types of Cements, their uses and testing: Ordinary Portland cement, rapid hardening cement, low heat cement, high alumina cement, blast furnace slag cement, white and coloured cement, Portland pozzolana cement, super sulphate cement, Tests of cement – fineness, soundness, initial and final setting time etc.as per B.I.S. Code.

3.3         Properties of cement

4.1         Introduction:  Lime as one of the cementing materials

4.2         Classification and types of lime as per BIS Code

4.3         Calcinations and slaking of lime

5.1         Identification and uses of different types of timber: Teak, Deodar, Shisham, Sal, Mango, Kail, Chir, Fir, Hollock, Champ

                  5.2 Market forms of converted timber as per BIS Code

5.3 Seasoning of timber: Purpose, methods of seasoning as per BIS Code

5.4 Properties of timber and specifications of structural timber

5.5 Defects in timber, decay in timber

5.6 Preservation of timber and methods of treatment as per BIS

5.7 Other wood based products, their brief description of manufacture and uses: laminated board, block board, fibre board, hard board, sun mica, plywood, veneers, nu-wood and study of the brand name and cost of the wood based products available in the market, Cement Panel Board, Moulded Door.

6.1         Introduction, purpose and use of paints

6.2         Types, ingredients, properties and uses of oil paints, water paints and cement paints

6.3         Covering capacity of various paints

6.4         Types, properties and uses of varnishes

6.5         Trade name of different products.



Concept of foundation and its purpose




Types of foundation-shallow and deep



  7.2.1      Shallow foundation - constructional details of: Spread foundations for walls, thumb rules for depth and width of foundation and thickness of concrete block, stepped foundation, masonry pillars and concrete columns


7.3         Earthwork


7.3.1    Layout/setting out for surface excavation, cutting and filling

7.3.2    Excavation of foundation, trenches, shoring, timbering and de- watering


8.1         Purpose of walls


8.2         Classification of walls - load bearing, non-load bearing, dwarf wall, retaining wall breast walls, partition walls & cavity walls.

8.3      Mortars & Scaffolding brief description.

9.1       Brick Masonry: Definition of terms like header, stretcher, queen closer, king closer, frog and quoin, course, bond, facing, backing, hearting, jambs, reveals, soffit, plinth, pillars and pilasters


9.1.1    Bond – meaning and necessity; English, Flemish bond and other types of bonds


9.2           Stone Masonry: Glossary of terms – natural bed, bedding planes, string course, corbel, cornice, block in course grouting, moulding, templates, corner stone, bond stone, throating, through stone, parapet, coping, pilasters and buttress


                              9.2.1   Types of stone masonry: Rubble & Ashlars masonry 

10.1      Meaning and use of arches and lintels:


10.2      Glossary of terms used in arches and lintels - abutment, pier, arch ring, intrados, soffit, extrados, voussoiers, Springer, springing line, crown, key stone, skew back, span, rise, depth of an arch, haunch, spandril, jambs, bearing, thickness of lintel, effective span


10.3      Arches:


10.3.1  Types of Arches - Semi circular, segmental, elliptical and parabolic, flat, inverted and relieving


10.3.2  Stone arches and their construction

10.3.3  Brick arches and their construction


10.4      Lintels


10.4.1  Purpose of lintel

10.4.2  Materials used for lintels

10.4.3  Cast-in-situ and pre-cast lintels

10.4.4  Lintel along with sun-shade or chhajja


Glossary of terms with neat sketches




Different type of doors- panel door, flush door, flazed


door, rolling shutter, steel door, sliding door, plastic and aluminium doors





Window – Panel window, glazed windows (fixed and openable) ventilators, sky


Light window, Louvers shutters, plastic and aluminium windows.




Door and window frames – materials and sections, door closures, hold fasts


12.1 Dampness and its ill effects on bricks, plaster, wooden fixtures, sources and        causes of dampness, damp  proofing  materials, damp proofing of : basement, ground floor, plinth and walls, special damp proofing  arrangements in bathrooms, WC and kitchen, damp proofing for roofs and window sills.



Glossary of terms-floor finish, topping, under layer, base course, rubble filling


and their purpose



Types  of  floor  finishes  -  cast-in-situ,  concrete  flooring  (monolithic,  bonded)


Terrazzo tile flooring, stone (marble and kota) flooring, PVC flooring, Terrazzo


Flooring, glazed tiles flooring, Timber flooring, description with sketches. The


methods of construction of concrete, terrazzo and timber floors and their BIS






Types of roofs, concept of flat, pitched and arched roofs




Glossary of terms for pitched roofs - batten, eaves,  facia board, gable, hip, lap,



purlin, rafter, rag bolt, valley, ridge, rain water gutter, anchoring bolts


Glossary of terms: Staircase, winders, landing, stringer, newel, baluster, riser,


tread, width of staircase, hand-rail, nosing


















between  rise



of width


stair, landing etc



Various types of layout - straight flight, dog legged, open well, quarter turn, half


turn (newel and geometrical stairs), bifurcated stair, spiral stair



- classification according to use  and finishes  like plain plaster, grit


finish,  rough

cast, pebble

dashed, concrete and stone cladding




proportion of mortars used for   different  plasters,

techniques of plastering and












Pointing - different types of pointing and their methods














Application  of  white  washing,  colour  washing  and  distempering,  polishing,


  application of cement and plastic paints









Importance  of  preparation  of  surfaces  such  as  hacking,  grooving  etc  before


application of surface finishes

  NOTE:          -* A field visit may be planned to explain and show the relevant things





i)                    To determine the crushing strength of bricks


ii)                  To determine the water absorption of bricks and efflorescence of bricks


iii)                To determine fineness (by sieve analysis) of cement


iv)                To conduct field test of cement.


v)                  To determine normal consistency of cement


vi)                To determine initial and final setting times of cement


vii)              To determine soundness of cement


viii)            To determine compressive strength of cement


ix)                Demonstration of tools and plants used in building construction.


x)                  To prepare Layout of a building: two rooms building with front verandah

 i)                    To construct brick bonds (English bond only) in one, one and half and two brick thick: (a) Walls for L, T and cross junction


ii)                  Demonstration of following items of work at construction site by:

                        1-Timbering of excavated trenching

                        2-Damp proof courses laying

                        3-Construction of masonry walls

                        4-Laying of flooring on an already prepared lime concrete base

                        5-Plastering and pointing exercise

                        6-Constructing RCC work


                        7-Pre-construction and post construction termite treatment of building and woodwork

Teachers are expected to physically show various materials while imparting instructions. Field-


visits should also be organized to show construction  processes and use of various materials in


Civil engineering works. Students should be encouraged to collect sample of various building


materials so as to create a museum of materials in the polytechnic.

1.                  Gupta, Sushil Kumar, Singla, DR, and Juneja BM; "A Text Book of Building Construction"; Ludhiana, Katson Publishing House.


2.                  Deshpande, RS and Vartak, GV; "A Text Book of Building Construction"; Poona, United Book Corporation.


3.                  Rangwala, SC: "Building Construction"; Anand, Charotar Book Stall

4.                  Kulkarni, GJ; "A Text Book of Building Construction"; Ahmedabad Book Depot


5.                  Arora, SP and Bindra, SP; "A Text Book of Building Construction"; New Delhi Dhanpt Rai and Sons.


6.                  Sharma,SK and Kaul, BK; "A Text Book of Building Construction"; Delhi, S Chand and Co.


7.                  Sushil Kumar; "Building Construction"; Standard Publishers Distributors, Delhi


8.                  Moorthy, NKR; "A Text Book of Building Construction"; Poona, Engineering Book Publishing Co.


9.                  SP – 62 Hand Book of BIS

10.              B.I.S. – 6313 Part 1, 2, 3

11.              National Building Code

12.              Handbook of Civil Engineering by PN Khanna

13.              Video films on Damp proofing, water proofing, surface finishes

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