Welcome to IRDT Uttarakhand E-Syllabus Web Portal

Duration :
Eligibility : 10th with Science & Mathematics
Intake : 25/40/60(As approved by AICTE/State Govt.)
Pattern of the Examination : Semester System
Assessment Type : The assessment will we carry out through credit point system/Learning Based Out comes
Theory & Practical Ratio : 50: 50
Industrial Training: Included after IInd Semester
Ecology & Environment : As pe Government Directions a subject named Environmental Science & Energy Management has been included.
Entrepreneurship Development: A subject on Entrepreneurship Development has been incorporated after IInd Semester.
General Proficiency : A provision of 6 periods per week has been made. It Included of various cocurricular activities like games, hobby clubs, seminars, declamation contests, extension lectures, NCC, NSS, cultural activities and discipline etc.


Paper Code :
Paper Name :

1.1             Definition & Classifications of Surveys.

1.2             Basic principles of surveying


1.3         Concept and purpose of surveying, measurements-linear and angular, units of measurements


1.4         Instruments used for taking these measurements


2.1         Purpose of chain surveying, principles of chain surveying and its advantages and disadvantages


2.2         Obstacles in chain surveying

2.3         Direct and indirect ranging offsets and recording of field notes


2.4         Errors in chain surveying and their corrections

3.1         Purpose of compass surveying. Use of prismatic compass: Setting and taking observations


3.2         Concept of following with simple numerical problems:

a)                  Meridian - Magnetic and true

b)                  Bearing - Magnetic, True and Arbitrary

c)                  Whole circle bearing and reduced bearing

d)                 Fore and back bearing

e)                  Magnetic dip and declination


3.3         Local attraction - causes, detection, errors and corrections, problems on local attraction, magnetic declination and calculation of included angles in a compass traverse

4.1         Purpose of levelling, concept of a level surface, horizontal surface, vertical surface, datum, reduced level and bench marks


4.2         Identification of various parts of Dumpy level and use of Dumpy level, Engineer‟ level, Auto level: advantages and disadvantages, use of auto level.


4.3         Concepts of line of collimation, axis of the bubble tube, axis of the telescope and vertical axis


4.4         Levelling staff: single piece, folding, invar precision staff, telescopic


4.5         Temporary adjustment and permanent adjustment of dumpy level by two peg method.


4.6         Concept of back sight, foresight, intermediate sight, change point, to determine reduce levels


4.7         Level book and reduction of levels by


4.7.1    Height of collimation method and

4.7.2    Rise and fall method


4.8         Arithmetic checks, problem on reduction of levels, fly levelling, check levelling and profile levelling (L-section and X-section), errors in levelling, permissible limits, reciprocal levelling. Numerical problems.


4.9         Computations of Areas of regular figures and irregular figures. Simpson’s rule: prismatic formula and graphical method use of planimeter for computation of areas, numerical problems


5.1.      Introduction and use of minor instruments like Ceylon Ghat Tracer, Clinometers, Pantograph, Abney Level etc.


5.2.       Use of planimeter for computing areas.

I.                   Chain surveying:


i)                    a)          Ranging a line

b)            Chaining a line and recording in the field book

c)                  Taking offsets - perpendicular and oblique (with a tape only)

d)                 Setting out right angle with a tape


ii)                  Chaining of a line involving reciprocal ranging


iii)                Chaining a line involving obstacles to ranging


iv)                Chain Survey of a small area.


II.       Compass Surveying:


i)                    a)         Study of prismatic compass

b)                  Setting the compass and taking observations

c)                  Measuring angles between the lines meeting at a point


III.             Levelling:


i)                    a)         Study of dumpy level and levelling staff

b)                  Temporary adjustments  of various levels


c)                  Taking staff readings on different stations from the single setting and finding differences of level between them


ii)               To find out difference of level between two distant points by shifting the instrument


iii)                Longitudinal and cross sectioning of a road/railway/canal


iv)                Setting a gradient by dumpy and auto-level


IV         Minor instruments:


i)                 Demonstration and use of minor instruments like Ceylon Ghat Tracer, Tangent

           Clinometers, Pantograph, Abney level etc.


ii)               Use of planimeter for computing areas.



This is highly practice-oriented course. While imparting theoretical instructions, teachers are expected to demonstrate the use of various instruments in surveying, stress should be laid on correct use of various instruments so as to avoid/minimize errors during surveying. It is further recommended that more emphasis should be laid in conducting practical work by individual students. Technical visit to various Civil Engineering Projects under construction, Survey of India, Northern Region and Great Trignometrical Survey(GTS), Dehradun etc.


1.                Hussain, SK and Nagraj, MS; "Text Book of Surveying"; New Delhi, S Chand and Co Ltd. New Delhi


2.                Deshpande, RS; "A Text Book Surveying and Levelling"; Poona, United Book Corporation, New Delhi


3.                Kocher, CL; "A Text Book of Surveying"; Ludhiana, Katson Publishing House, New Delhi


4.                Kanetkar,TP and Kulkarni, SV., "Surveying and Leveling", Poona, AVG Parkashan, New Delhi


5.                Kanetkar, TP; and Kulkarni, SV; "Surveying and Leveling" Poona, AVG Prakashan, Delhi


6.                Mahajan, Sanjay “Surveying -I”, Tech. Publication, Delhi

7.                Punmia,  BC; "Surveying and Leveling", Delhi Standard Publishers Distributors, Delhi

8.                Shahai, PB; "A Text Book of Surveying", Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi

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